正文概述 王宝红   2024-01-08  


                                          命题人:杨清   2023-12-20


2022年北京卷)Peer ( 同伴 ) Assisted Study Sessions (PASS) is a peer-facilitated learning programme available to students enrolled ( 注册 ) in most core units of study in our business school.

PASS involves weekly sessions where you work in groups to tackle specially prepared problem sets, based around a unit of study you’re enrolled in.

PASS doesn’t re-teach or deliver new content. It’s an opportunity to deepen your understanding of the key points from lecture materials while you are applying your skills to solve problems.

You work interactively with your peers. As a peer group, you decide what is covered in each session. That way, PASS directly responds to your needs and feedback.

Registration in Term 2 will open at 9 am, 21 September 2022.

Waiting lists

If a session is full, you can register for the waiting list. We will email you if a place becomes available or if a new session is to be held.

When you are placed on a waiting list, we will email you a number which tells you where you are on the list. If you are close to the front of the list, you have a good chance of gaining a place in the programme in the near future.


If you miss two PASS sessions in a row, you will be deregistered and your place will be given to someone on the waiting list. Make sure you fill in the attendance sheet at each session to record your attendance.

You’ll be informed by email if you are being deregistered as a result of missing sessions. If you believe you have received the email in error, email the PASS office at  passoffice@umbs. edu..

1. In PASS, students ________.

A. attend new lectures                      B. decide their own schedules

C. prepare problem sets in groups             D. use their skills to solve problems

2. What can students do if a session is full?

A. Fill in the attendance sheet.              B. Sign up for the waiting list.

C. Report their needs and feedback.         D. Email the office their numbers on the list.

3. Students will be deregistered if ________.

A. they send emails in error B. they fail to work interactively

C. they give their places to others D. they miss two sessions in a row



A family is a collection of people who share the same genes but cannot agree on a place to pull over for lunch. Ed and I, plus his parents and sister Doris and eight­year­old niece Alisha, are on a road trip to Yosemite. Ed wants Subway, I want In­N­Out Burger, Doris wants Sonic. In the end, we compromise on McDonald's, where Alisha will get an action figure.

It's a three­hour drive to Yosemite, but we're taking a little longer, as we're working in a tour of Highway 80's public restrooms. As the saying goes, “Not one bladder (膀胱) empties but another fills.” Many of these restrooms belong to gas stations. I prefer them to the high­tech ones on planes.

We get back on the road. Ed is driving now. When all the tabloids (小报) have been read, the travel has grown tedious and anyone under age 12 asks “Are we there yet” at ever­shortening internals. Just outside Manteca, California, we stop for coffee. At a Starbucks checkout, Ed buys a CD of Joni Mitchell's favorite musical picks. The hope is that it will have a calming effect.

As we pull back onto the highway, it starts to pour. Then something amazing happens. As we climb the mountain, the rain turns to snow. The pines are spotted with white. We're struck dumb (说不出话) by the scene outside. For a solid 15 minutes, everyone forgets about their bladder, their blood sugar and the temperature. Alisha has never seen snow, so we pull over to make snowmen and catch snowflakes on our tongues. Then Ed realizes we need tire chains, and we have to turn back and drive 30 miles to Oakhurst. “Good” says Doris. “There was a very nice restroom there.”

1Where does the family have lunch?

AAt Sonic.   BAt Subway.

CAt McDonald's.   DAt In­N­Out Burger.

2Why does the family spend so much time going to Yosemite?

AThey stop a few times for gas.  BThey go to the toilet frequently.

CThey are affected by the bad weather.     DThey need to rest and refresh themselves.

3What does the underlined word “tedious” in Paragraph 3 probably mean?

ABoring.   BDifficult.  CEducational.  DComfortable.

4How does the family feel when it snows?

ASorry        BExcited.        CWorried         DRelaxed.



I fondly remember road trips as a child, sitting in the sunny backseat of my mom's car, daydreaming about other worlds and fantastic adventures. As I've grown older, my daydreams have become increasingly occupied less with fantasy but more with the reality of my past and future. Nearly everyone daydreams about their future and reflects nostalgically (念旧地) or negatively on moments of the past. These moments can provide inspiration, but if you spend too much time daydreaming in this fashion, you may be reducing your success in the present.

If you've ever planned a vacation, you're familiar with the impatient days tapping at your desk, dreaming of the lazy, relaxing days to come. Unfortunately, sometimes you end up comparing the real vacation to your imagined one, and it doesn't live up to the standard. Reflecting nostalgically on the past can also prevent present enjoyment. It is equally fun to reflect on past achievements or fun events, but it's possible to be so consumed with happy memories that you miss opportunities to create more.

We've all made mistakes that we're ashamed of; reflecting on them is an important step in correcting those mistakes and becoming a better person. But dwelling(细想)too long on your past can also be negative. If you dwell too long on a past mistake, you can begin to equate(使等同)yourself with your past and feel farther away from the person you want to be. Train your brain to think quickly about the past and future, and take only the information and inspiration that you need in order to be the best person you can without resting on your glory moments or your mistakes.

If your identity is not dependent on the past or future, every experience is new and every day is a blank page for you to write. A fun mental exercise is to always tell yourself that you're experiencing things for the first time. So take advantage of each moment you're given.

1What does the author think of daydreaming?

AIt's the favorite for many kids.   BIt can lead to fantastic adventures.

CIt's the major source of inspiration.         DIt has both strengths and weaknesses.

2What can we learn from Paragraph 2?

APast achievements strongly influence us.

BIt's important to be patient with our present life.

CDaydreaming may make the present disappointing.

DReflecting nostalgically on the past brings us no pleasure.

3What should we avoid doing according to Paragraph 3?

AReflecting on the past.   BResting on our past experiences.

CThinking about our past mistakes.          DFeeling ashamed of our past mistakes.

4What's the author's purpose in writing the text?

ATo tell about her childhood.   BTo tell how to let go the past.

CTo suggest we focus on the present.        DTo encourage us to learn from mistakes.



 Researchers say they have translated the meaning of gestures that wild chimpanzees (黑猩猩) use to communicate. They say wild chimps communicate 19 specific messages to one another with a "vocabulary" of 66 gestures. The scientists discovered this by following and filming groups of chimps in Uganda, and examining more than 5,000 incidents of these meaningful exchanges.

Dr Catherine Hobaiter, who led the research, said that this was the only form of intentional communication to be recorded in the animal kingdom. Only humans and chimps, she said, had a system of communication where they deliberately sent a message to another group member.

"That's what's so amazing about chimp gestures," she said. "They're the only thing that looks like human language in that respect. ”

Although previous research has shown that apes and monkeys can understand complex information from another animal's call, the animals do not appear to use their voices intentionally to communicate messages. This was a significant difference between calls and gestures, Dr Hobaiter said.

Chimps will check to see if they have the attention of the animal with which they wish to communicate. In one case, a mother presents her foot to her crying baby, signaling:" Climb on me. " The youngster immediately jumps on to its mothers back and they travel off together. "The big message from this study is that there is another species (物种) out there. that is meaningful in its communication, so that's not unique to humans," said Dr Hobaiter.

Dr Susanne Shultz, an evolutionary biologist from the University of Manchester, said the study was praiseworthy in seeking to enrich our knowledge of the evolution of human language. But, she added, the results were "a little disappointing".

"The vagueness of the gesture meanings suggests either that the chimps have little to communicate, or we are still missing a lot of the information contained in their gestures and actions," she said. "Moreover, the meanings seem to not go beyond what other animal convey with non-verbal communication. So, it seems the gulf remains. "

1What do chimps and humans have in common according to Dr Hobaiter?

AMemorizing specific words.

BUnderstanding complex information.

CUsing voices to communicate.

DCommunicating messages on purpose.

2What did Dr Shultz think of the study?

AIt was well designed but poorly conducted.

BIt was a good try but the findings were limited.

CIt was inspiring but the evidence was unreliable.

DIt was a failure but the methods deserved praise.

3What does the underlined word "gulf" in the last paragraph mean?

ADifference. BConflict. CBalance. DConnection.

4Which of the following is the best title for the text?

AChimpanzee behaviour study achieved a breakthrough

BChimpanzees developed specific communication skills

CChimpanzees: the smartest species in the animal kingdom

DChimpanzee language: communication gestures translated



            Today it is common to see people who walk about with colored wires hanging from their ears wherever they go. They move about in their personal bubbles, sometimes unaware of what's happening around them. __1__ Outside life is shut out. So are you one of “them”

For me, walking around in my own personal bubble is perfect. __2__ What's even better, wearing earphones seems to give a signal to people which says, “I'm not available for chatting at the moment

Suppose, you're at work and about to make an incredible breakthrough, but a colleague suddenly turns up. At this precise moment, the slightest disturbance would break your concentration. __3__ Once again, those wires hanging from your ears would be sure to give that “Go away” signal.

__4__ It's probably part of the growing up stage when they just want to ignore their whole family. While their mothers give them lectures about why they should do their homework, they can just turn up the volume on their MP3 player, smile, and say “Yes, Mum.” Problem solved.

Pretty soon, not only will we have pretty colored wires hanging from our ears—but also our brains will be directly plugged into some new high­tech instruments. We'll be in a virtual (虚拟的) world, communicating with everyone else, or choosing not to, as we like. In this world, we will all be permanently plugged in. __5__ And they are changing our social habits along the way.

In the end, there is a thin line between using technology as a tool for making life better and being a slave to it! It's so strange—suddenly, I don't feel like wearing my earphones anymore.

AOur instruments are changing quickly.

BI also have wires hanging from my ears.

CIn the home situation, teenagers love these wires.

DI don't have to deal with the noise from the environment.

EAfter all, I am listening to my favorite music and would rather not be disturbed.

FListening to music through earphones is the perfect way to ignore such interruptions.

GThey walk around in their own spaces, with their personal “digital noise reduction systems”




I fell in love with Yosemite National Park the first time I saw it, when I was 13. My parents took us there for camping. On the way out, I asked them to wait while I ran up to EL Capitan, a __1__ rock of 3,300 feet straight up. I touched that giant rock and knew immediately I wanted to climb it. That has been my life's passion (钟爱) ever since—__2__ the rocks and mountains of Yosemite. I've long made Yosemite my _3__.

About 15 years ago I started seeing a lot of __4__like toilet paper, beer cans, and empty boxes, around the area. It's beyond me why visitors started respecting the place less and treated such a beautiful home­like place this way. I tried _5__ trash (垃圾) myself, but the job was too big. I would _6__ an hour or two on the job, only to find the area trashed all over again weeks later. Finally, I got so _7__ it that I decided something had to _8__.

As a rock­climbing guide, I knew _9__ about organizing any big event. But in 2004, together with some climbers, I set a date for a __10__. On that day, more than 300 people _11__. Over three days we collected about 6,000 pounds of trash. It was _12__ how much we were able to accomplish. I couldn't believe the _13__ we made—the park looked clean!

I often hear people _14__ about their surroundings.I would say the only way to change things is by _15__ rather than complaining. We need to teach by example.

1A.distant      Bhard        Cloose       Dhuge

2A.climbing    Bpainting     Cmeasuring   Dapproaching

3A.home       Bpalace      Cgarden       Dshelter

4A.dust        Bwaste       Cmaterials       Dresources

5A.throwing away   Bbreaking down     Cpicking up     Ddigging out

6A.wait         Bsave          Ckill          Dspend

7A.delighted in     Btired of      Csatisfied with        Dused to

8A.aim        Bstress         Cdepend        Dchange

9A.anything    Bnothing       Ceverything     Dsomething

10A.clean­up     Bpicnic       Cparty         Dconcert

11.A.looked around    Bcalled back    Cdropped out Dshowed up

12A.puzzling      Bamazing       Camusing    Dinteresting

13A.plan       Bvisit        Cdifference      Dcontact

14A.argue      Bcomplain       Cquarrel      Dtalk

15A.thinking      Bquestioning     Cdoing      Dwatching



In a study of 33 years of trends in Body Mass Index (体重指数) across 200 countries, the scientists found that people worldwide are getting heavier 1 that most of the rise is due to gains in BMI in rural areas.

BMI is an internationally recognized measurement tool 2 gives an indication of whether someone is a healthy weight. It is calculated by dividing a 3  (person) weight in kg by their height in meters squared. and a BMI of between 19 and 25  4 (consider) healthy.

The study found that between 1985 and 2017, average rural BMI increased 5       2. 1 in women and men. In cities, however, the gain  6       (be) 1. 3 in women and 1. 6 in men. The researchers described “striking changes” in the geography of BMI. Tn 1985urban men and women in more than three quarters of the countries 7      (study) had higher BMIs than men and women in rural areas. But 30 years later, the BMI difference between urban and rural people in many countries had narrowed 8      (sharp).

This may be due to some disadvantages for people 9       (live) in the countryside, including 9      (low) levels of income and education, higher costs of healthy foods, and fewer sports facilities.



假定你是李华,下周有新西兰学生访问你校,你将作为学生代表致欢迎辞。请为此写一篇 发言稿,内容包括:

1. 表示欢迎;

2. 介绍活动安排;

3. 表达祝愿。


1. 词数80左右;

2. 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。





The most delicious memories seem to happen during the holidays. And like a squirrel preparing for winter, I put them away to enjoy slowly during the long winter months. Sometimes, I enjoy them for years.

Among them are sweetest recollections: my little girls at the church play and the moment they got their first angel wings; a pink dolly stroller(手推车) wheeled into the bedroom with a tiny voice declaring, “Look what Santa Claus brought meor New Year's snowmen wearing bright scarves borrowed from a grandma's fragrant drawer.

But there is one memory that is a little bittersweet—sort of like 80% dark chocolate, but still good for you.

This story brings to mind a colorful candy dish and a very little boy. The occasion was somewhere between Christmas and New Year when a few candies in a dish remained behind, a bright spot in dull winter gray.

Wrapped in December's chill, my then 3­year­old grandson, Justin, and I had dashed from the warmth of my parked car into the building where I planned to take care of a few work­related tasks.

A smiling secretary greeted us as we brushed the snowflakes and rubbed our hands to chase away the cold. Then with my grandchild close to my side, I busied myself, finishing the items of business that had brought us there. But while his hand remained in mine, his eyes fell on the candy dish sitting nearby.

As we turned to leave, the thoughtful and very observant woman behind the desk asked the question all children wait to hear.

“Honey” the kindly woman said, peering over her glasses at Justin. “Would you like a candy bar” she asked, her hand pushing the dish close for an easier reach.

The boy looked up questioningly, his eyes meeting mine, permission hanging in the air. A slight nod from me and then a hurried beeline to the candy dish followed. One candy bar was already in his hand.

Paragraph 1

Justin! I said from the doorway.__________________________________________


Paragraph 2

In the humor of the moment, I felt something hard to swallow.


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