1.Adulthood n. 成年；______n.成年人 2.Election n. 选举；v. _____选举；n.____选民
3.Legal adj. 合法的 adj.____非法的，违法的；adv. ___法律上地，合法地；n. ____法律
4.Mature n. 成熟的，明白事理的；adj. _________不成熟的
5.Selfish adj.自私的；n.___________自私；adj. __________无私的
6.Approve v. 批准；认可；n._________批准，认可；支持，赞成__________ ___________
7.Steady adj. 稳定的；adv._____稳定地 8.Temp v. 诱惑，引诱；n. _____ 诱惑，引诱
9.Librarian n.图书管理员；n. _____图书馆 10.Suitable adj.合适的；v.合适，适合______
11.Varied adj. 各种各样的，多变的；v.变化________；adj.各种各样的______；n. 多样的性__________
12.Digest v. 消化（食物）；n. ________消化（过程）
13.Tiresome adj. 烦人的，令人厌烦的；adj.________疲惫的，累的；v.________疲惫
14.Intimately adv. 亲密地；adj.___________亲密的
15.Politics n. 政治；adj. ____________政治的；n._____________政治家，政客
17.Memorable adj. 难忘的，值得纪念的；n.____________记忆；v. ________记忆
1．________messaging allows users to communicate ________ with their friends. (instant)
2．As is known to all, education is a________ process, and people are ________ aware of its importance. (gradual)
3．If the Committee decides to ________ the application,________ conditions may be attached. (approve)
4．When he returned from England, Dunbar took a job as an assistant ________ at the ________of Congress. (library)
5．We stock a wide ______ of styles. As they're handmade, each one ______ slightly. (varied)
6．They were searching for ________ of his crime, and found it was ________ that he had murdered the president. (evident)
7．Actually, I have not met what good things, on the contrary, in my ________ and some ________ and deep－rooted ________. (memory)
8．The report ________ that there were various reasons that made the manager reach that________. (conclude)
9.[2022·新高考卷Ⅰ]David insisted on running as if he ________ (forget) all his weaknesses, though he was tripped over within the few kilometers.
10.He opened his mouth as if ________ (say) something.
have a say, behind the wheel, in fact, contribute to, for instance, take responsibility for, instead of, be aware of, make it, give way to
1.If it is convenient for you, you should do more outdoor exercise, which can ____________ you keeping up a good state of mind.
2__________，women are less likely to have high blood pressure or to die from heart attacks.
3．In no sense should you lose heart. Keep trying and you will ____________ sooner or later.
4．We want people to acquire the habit of using public transport ____________ their cars.
5．Who do you trust to ____________ our country's defence?
6．In Britain, ____________ cars coming from the right.
7．When visiting another country, you should _________ those differences and respect them.
8．A great decline in young work force is likely to occur in China, ____________．
9．The driver must have fallen asleep ____________．
10．The company belongs to everyone, so all of us ____________．
If you are lucky enough ______________，it is advisable to choose a prestigious school first.
I feel as if I ____________________ for a whole century.
My younger brother ________________________________________．
The campaign has certainly ________________________________________．
I got up very early yesterday and decided to ____________________．
Bethany can't wait to be 18. She 1.________ (work) ever since leaving school but still can't vote. She thinks if one is old enough to earn a wage and pay taxes, he should be allowed to have 2.________ say on how the government spends them. She has also been taking driving lessons. She thinks she is mature enough to understand driving a car also means 3.________ (take) responsibility for her life and the lives of other people. However, she will be allowed to take her driving test 4.________ she turns 18.
Lin Ning celebrated his 18th birthday before he went to university. He found the change had been 5.________ (subtle) and gradual than he imagined. He wasn't as selfish as he used 6.________ (be). Instead he began to feel more aware of other people and to develop a stronger sense of social responsibility. Turning 18 also changed the way that society viewed him.
As for Morgan, turning 18 didn't make him more 7.________ (independence). He worked as a librarian. His salary was so low that he had to live with his parents and found 8.________ hard to save any money. Therefore, he decided to start a new job next month. Although he could get a bank loan to pay the deposit on his own apartment, he didn't want to make that kind of 9.________ (commit). He thought some 10.________ (responsibility) are more about attitude than age.
If you are thinking about redecorating the home, you are probably searching about interior (室内的) decoration ideas. Redecorating presents a great chance to reflect your personality by displaying your style and interests. It will be easy to redecorate the home if money is not a restriction. __1__ Here are some tips on how to do so：
Search some magazines. You can get dozens of home interior decoration ideas from countless magazines and TV programs. Some programs tend to show less costly interior decoration ideas. __2__ It's a good way of comparing different styles. Here you can make distinction between broad styles, country, contemporary, etc.
Fond of primitive style. If you are fond of primitive or traditional style, warmer colors are the best for the room. These colors go with all kinds of cloth of old style and wooden furniture. __3__
Modern style. If you like modern style, use brighter colors instead of white and offwhite. Home decoration of these styles includes minimum disorder and a lot of free space and light. Leather furniture matches the room: white or black with contrasting throw cushion (靠垫) per seating place. __4__
__5__ This often occurs anyway, especially if the people give you furniture or you inherit (继承) the same. If you wish to combine different pieces of furniture from different styles, you need to bridge a gap between them. This can be done easily with materials like throw pillows, wall hangings and carpets.
A．A white one on a black sofa suits here.
B．There is nothing wrong in mixing two styles.
C.Another effective and affordable option is by surfing the Internet.
D．The combinations and possibilities in the first decoration are endless.
E．Autumn colors go well to produce warm, friendly and pleasant atmosphere.
F．Nevertheless, the question for most is how to redecorate the home within limited budget.
G.The walls tend to have one or two pieces of wall art rather than 6 to 10 of the older time.
Whether paired with a bottle of nice red wine or a burger, cheese can be a delicious treat. But it is not perhaps, the ideal material to use in printing—unless you are a team of nutritional scientists. One group of researchers used 3D printing to create a cheese. And the cheese could provide a valuable insight for engineers who are still developing materials for 3D printing.
A team from the school of food and nutritional sciences at University College Cork (UCC) conducted a series of tests evaluating the 3Dprinted cheese. 3D printing materials need to be fluid (液态) enough to flow but also capable of setting into a definite shape or structure.
After melting the cheese at 75℃ (167) for 12 minutes, the UCC team then ran it through a modified commercial 3D printer. The machine, which usually prints with plastic, was fitted with a syringe (注射器) to allow it to print with the melted cheese.
The UCC team used several techniques to examine the effects of the 3D printing process on their cheese. They compared the 3Dprinted results to processed cheese that had been melted and then cooled, as well as another sample that was left untouched. Cheese that was 3D printed was 45% to 49% softer than the processed cheese, the researchers said. They also discovered that 3Dprinted cheese was a little darker in colour and more fluid when melted, though it melted at about the same temperature as processed cheese.
Dr Kelly and his colleagues are now testing other types of dairy products which can be 3Dprinted. Dr Kelly said, “We are using mixtures of milk proteins at present to build a product, perhaps a highprotein snack, and designing recipes which might work best for a 3D printer.”
1．What problems are the engineers facing in 3D printing cheese?
A．They don't have proper material. B．They can't find a bottle of nice red wine or a burger.
C．They can't make the cheese very delicious.
D．They know much less than nutritional scientists.
2．How did the researchers use the 3D printer to make cheese?
A．They raised the temperature to 75℃. B．They added a syringe to the printer.
C．They bought some cheese to paint it. D．They evaluated the 3Dprinted cheese.
3．What is the advantage of the 3Dprinted cheese?
A．It melts more easily. B．It tastes more delicious.
C．It costs less money. D．It is much softer.
4．What will Dr Kelly and his colleagues do next according to the last paragraph?
A．Publish a report on their research. B．Invent a new 3D printer.
C．3D print more milk food. D．Make more cheese with their machine.
二、1．Instant instantly 2．gradual gradually 3． approve approval 4．librarian Library
5．variety varies 6．evidence evident7. memory memorable memories
8． concluded conclusion. 9.had forgotten 10.to say
1．contribute to 2.In fact 3.make it 4.instead of 5.take responsibility for 6.give way to 7.be aware of 8.for instance 9.behind the wheel 10.have a say
1.to get good grades
2.had left school
3.does like playing basketball
4.succeeded in raising public awareness of the issue
5.have my hair cut
1．has been working 2.a 3.taking 4.when 5.more subtle 6．to be 7.independent 8.it 9.commitment 10.responsibilities