A study of 500,000 songs released (发行) in the UK between 1985 and 2015 showed that pop music had decreased in happiness and increased in sadness.
In a report published in the journal Royal Society Open Science,researchers at the University of California examined hundreds of thousands of songs and classified them by their mood.“‘Happiness’ is going down,‘sadness’ is going up,and at the same time,the songs are becoming more ‘danceable’ and more ‘party-like’,” co-author Natalia L.Komarova told The Associated Press.
The study found songs in 2014 like Stay with Me by Sam Smith,Whispers by Passenger and Unmissable by Gorgon City have a “low happiness” trend.However,tracks from 1984 like Glory Days by Bruce Springsteen,Would I Lie to You? by Eurythmics and Freedom by Wham had a “high happiness” trend.“The public seems to prefer happier songs,even though more and more unhappy songs are being released each year,” the researchers wrote.
Apart from the emotional trends,researchers discovered that dances and pop were the most successful styles of music and that there was a “clear downward” trend,with the popularity of rock beginning in the early 2000s.“So it looks like,while the overall mood is becoming less happy,people seem to want to forget it all and dance,” Komarova wrote in an email.
It was also found that the “maleness” of songs — the frequency of male singers in popular music — had decreased during the last 30 years.“Successful songs are characterised by a larger percentage of female artists compared to all songs,” they wrote.
This discovery appears at a time when the conversation around sex equality in the music industry is at its height,with more male artists and songwriters.
1.The researchers examined lots of songs to .
A.find songs for dances and parties B.choose songs for a journal
C.release more songs D.know better about songs
2.Whose music style tends to bring you more happiness?
A.Natalia L.Komarova’s. B.Sam Smith’s.
C.Gorgon City’s. D.Bruce Springsteen’s.
3.What do we know about songs over the past three decades?
A.Rock became popular in the early 2000s.
B.Fewer unhappy songs came to light every year.
C.Male singers were better at performing pop music.
D.Female artists were less skilled in writing songs.
4.What can be a suitable title for the text?
A.Pop Music Is Getting Sadder B.Music Calls for Sex Equality
C.Pop Music Has a Long History D.Music Industry Is Going Down
Who’re happier,men or women? Research shows it’s a complex question and that asking whether males or females are happier isn’t really that helpful,because basically,happiness is different for women and men.
Women’s happiness has been declining for the past 30 years,according to recent statistics.And research shows that women are twice as likely to experience depression compared with men.Gender (性别) differences in depression are well confirmed and studies have found that biological,psychological and social factors contribute to the difference.
Early studies on gender and happiness found men and women were socialized to express different feelings.Women are more likely to express happiness,warmth and fear,which help with social bonding and appear more consistent with the traditional role as a primary caregiver,while men display more anger,pride and disrespect,which are more consistent with a protector and provider role.
Recent research suggests that these differences are not just socially,but also genetically related.Studies have looked into these findings further and discovered that females use more areas of the brain containing mirror neurons (镜像神经元) than males when they process feelings.Mirror neurons allow us to experience the world from other people’s view,to understand their actions and intentions.This may explain why women can experience deeper sadness.Women tend to experience more negative feelings,such as more guilt,shame and to a lesser degree,embarrassment.
Psychologically it seems men and women differ in the way they process and express feelings.With the exception of anger,women experience feelings more strongly and share their feelings more openly with others.Studies have found in particular that women express more appreciation—which has been linked to greater happiness.This supports the theory that women’s happiness is more dependent on relationships than men’s.
5.Which feeling are men more likely to show compared with women?
A.Warmth. B.Depression. C.Happiness. D.Disrespect.
6.What factors cause women to share feelings more openly?
A.Psychological factors. B.Biological factors.
C.Educational D.Social factors.
7.One can probably read the text from .
A.a work of science fiction B.a culture brochure
C.a nursery guide D.a health magazine
8.What is the text mainly about?
A.Men and women differ in biology and psychology.
B.Men and women experience happiness differently.
C.Social roles have a great effect on men and women.
D.Women’s happiness has declined in the past years.
Who’s in control of your life?Who’s pulling your strings?For the majority of us,it’s other people—society,colleagues,friends,family or our community.We learned this way of operating when we were very young,of course.We were brainwashed.We discovered that feeling important and feeling accepted was a nice experience and so we learned to do everything we could to make other people like us.As Oscar Wilde put it,“Most people are other people.Their thoughts are someone else’s opinions,their lives a mimicry,their passions a quotation.”
So when people tell us how wonderful we are,it makes us feel good.We long for this good feeling like a drug—we are addicted to it and seek it out wherever we can.Therefore,we are so eager for the approval of others that we live unhappy and limited lives,failing to do the things we really want to.Just as drug addicts and alcoholics live worsening lives to keep getting their fix,we worsen our own existence to get our own constant fix of approval.
But,just as with any drug,there is a price to pay.The price of the approval drug is freedom—the freedom to be ourselves.The truth is that we cannot control what other people think.People have their own agenda,and they come with their own baggage and,in the end,they’re more interested in themselves than in you.Furthermore,if we try to live by the opinions of others,we will build our life on sinking sand.Everyone has a different way of thinking,and people change their opinions all the time.The person who tries to please everyone will only end up getting tired and probably pleasing no one in the process.
So how can we take back control?I think there’s only one way—make a conscious decision to stop caring what other people think.We should guide ourselves by means of a set of values—not values imposed from the outside by others,but innate values which come from within.If we are driven by these values and not by the changing opinions and value systems of others,we will live a more authentic,effective,purposeful and happy life.
9.What Oscar Wilde said implies that .
A.most people have a variety of thoughts
B.we have thoughts similar to those of others
C.other people’s thoughts are more important
D.most people’s thoughts are affected by others
10.What does the author try to argue in the third paragraph?
A.The price of taking the drug is freedom.
B.We may lose ourselves to win the approval of others.
C.We need to pay for what we want to get.
D.Changing opinions may cost us our freedom.
11.It can be concluded from the passage that .
A.it’s better to follow others’ opinions
B.it’s important to accept others’ comments
C.we shouldn’t change our own decision
D.we shouldn’t care too much what others think
The idea that you can use humour,laughter,and play to make you healthier probably seems too simple to be true.However,it is really true and simple.The sense of humour,laughter and play plays an important part in keeping you healthy.
Treat the blues with a sense of humour,which is closely tied to laughter.Laughter is infectious.Have you ever heard a big laugh of a young child and been able to keep yourself from smiling? When laughter is shared between people,it makes them closer to each other and increases their happiness.Smiling is the beginning of laughter and a smile is also just as infectious as laughter is.You can experience something by smiling at everyone around you,and you will feel happier just by sharing a smile,even with a stranger.
Play is an important part of making sure that we stay healthy.We are often encouraged to make sure our children play,and are told of the benefits of being out playing.However,what we often forget is that it is just as important for old people to make play be part of their life as it’s for children.Physical play is important for the old and it certainly helps prevent illness.While the studies are still in the early stages,the studies that have been done have shown that physical play certainly plays a part in preventing cognitive (认知的) falling.
Anyway,adding humour,laughter,and play to our life will influence us mentally,physically and socially and bring us many advantages.So we should make full use of humour,laughter and play to make our life more active,more interesting and happier.
12.What can laughter increase according to the author?
A.Cognitive ability. B.Good relationships and happiness.
C.A sense of humour. D.Illness.
13.What does the author think the old should do?
A.They should have a good rest.
B.They should play like children.
C.They should prevent cognitive falling.
D.They should take part in physical play.
14.Which of the following would be the best title for the text?
A.Humour,Laughter and Play for Health
B.Always Keep Our Body Healthy
C.Have an Active and Happy Life
D.Let Our Body and Mind Relax
15.What does the underlined word “infectious” in Paragraph 2 probably mean?
A.Playing an important role.
B.Keeping people in high spirits.
C.Quickly influencing other people.
D.Preventing illness from spreading.
The English language has many ways to talk about something that is funny. 1 It is a basic human need.Physical humour,especially,can cross limits like nationality and language and bring people together from all different walks of life.
Humour comes in many forms.The most obvious and traditional way we use humour is in jokes. 2 This is when a person changes a word or uses it in a different context(上下文) for comic effect.
Another way people can use humour is through telling a funny story.Perhaps something bad happened to the person but they can laugh about it now.People also invent funny stories in order to make people laugh.The advantage of this is that the characters aren’t real. 3
Physical comedy usually divides opinions.For some,seeing someone fall down,whether it is planned or not,is one of the funniest things they can see. 4 Some types of humour can also be harmful if someone is not in the mood for being made fun of!People’s senses of humour vary across the world,so what may be funny in your country might be incredibly harmful in another!
5 The British,for instance,are famous for their humour in English.However,people learning a foreign language face many difficulties when it comes to being funny in a second language.
A.Humour is just one of the ways.
B.Everyone needs to laugh once in a while.
C.Other forms of humour are word play and puns(双关语).
D.Therefore,you don’t have to feel bad for laughing at them.
E.People of all ages and cultures have a strong sense of humour.
F.Most people know how to use some forms of humour in their native languages.
G.For others,finding physical humour and non-serious accidents funny seems cruel.
An executive was driving his new car on a street.He was 1 for kids rushing out from between parked cars.
2 his car passed,a brick hit the car’s side door.He pressed hard the brake and drove the car back to the 3 from where the brick had been thrown.
He jumped out of the car, 4 a kid and pushed him up against a parked car,shouting,“What was that all about and who are you?Just what the hell are you doing?” 5 more and more angry,he went on “That brick you threw will 6 much money.Why did it?”“Please,mister,please,I’m sorry.I didn’t know what else to do!” 7 the youngster.“My brother fell out of the wheelchair and I can’t 8 him up.”Sobbing,the boy asked,“Could you help me?He’s hurt and he’s too heavy.”
9 beyond words,the driver tried to 10 the rapidly swelling lump(块)in his throat.He helped the young man back into the wheelchair and used a 11 to wipe the scrapes(擦伤)and cuts, 12 everything would be okay.
“Thank you,” the little boy 13 his brother to the sidewalk toward their home.
After that,he never did 14 the side door in order to remind him not to go through life so fast that someone has to throw a brick at you to get your 15 .
1.A.looking B.watching C.caring D.waiting
2.A.Before B.Although C.As D.While
3.A.spot B.situation C.surface D.lounge
4.A.saw B.found C.stuck D.grabbed
5.A.Remaining B.Growing C.Building D.Making
6.A.cost B.spend C.use D.cause
7.A.begged B.required C.asked D.wondered
8.A.get B.light C.lift D.put
9.A.Worried B.Depressed C.Moved D.Surprised
10.A.chew B.melt C.spit D.swallow
11.A.medicine B.handkerchief C.belt D.money
12.A.demanding B.expecting C.checking D.wanting
13.A.pushed B.brought C.handed D.raised
14.A.recover B.repair C.reform D.record
15.A.information B.hope C.attention D.noise
I can well remember that I was once asked to deliver a speech titled “A Real Test in My Life” before the whole class at the age of 9! You can imagine how 1. (terrible) shy I was with so many eyes fixed on me.I had no choice but 2. (prepare) for it,though.First of all,I was to draft the speech,3. was just a piece of cake for me,a good writer.But the hardest part 4. (lie) in my oral presentation from my memory — for it 5. (forbid) to read from the paper.
The real moment began when I stood on the platform with my legs 6. (tremble) and my mind blank.But my listeners were waiting patiently without any signs of rushing me.Gradually I found 7. back,delivering my speech without difficulty.After 8. seemed to be a hundred years,I found my audience applauding — I made it! From then on,my fear of talking before the audience disappeared.Actually with my 9. (confident) built up,I now turn out to be a great speaker.
Looking back,I know the 10. (great) difficulty on my way to success is my fear.Overcome it and I will be able to achieve my goals.
1-5BCADB 6-10AACCD 11-15BCABC
Dear Mr Green,
I am Li Hua from China,and I decided to fly to the UK for my winter vacation.I have booked my hotel on the Internet.I am writing to ask you for some information before I get there.
To begin with,my flight is scheduled to arrive at Heathrow Airport at 8 pm on February 13.I wonder if it is convenient for me to get to the hotel by public transport given possible delays.Besides,I’d like to know more details about the accommodation,especially something about the meals,as I didn’t find that on the webpage.More importantly,could you recommend some attractions to visit?London has always been my dream place to explore the English culture,but with too many choices,recommendations from you will be valuable and highly appreciated.
Looking forward to your reply and seeing you soon in London.
All the best.