高一英语第11次周测试题 命题人：闫新娟 2023.11.23
1.Seeing such an natural habitat built by ants, all of the tourists were left in , and even I, an architect, got greatly . (amaze)
2.After countless interviews, I managed (stand) out and survive the test alone.
3.The night sky was clear and (million) of stars seemed to twinkle with happiness.
4.Bob made a bird feeder (measure) 20 centimeters in width, put some grains in it and hung it up from the tree.
5.Global warming is having a great effect hundreds of animal species around the world.
6.Many countries are now setting up national parks (protect) animals and plants.
It is well known that a variety of animals migrate from one place to another to find food, a partner or warmer weather, among 1. is the monarch butterfly. From a 2. (science) research paper about the monarch butterfly’s 3. (migrate), people get to know that millions of them begin a long and tough journey every autumn. They manage to travel some 4,000 kilometres south.They determine which way 4. (fly) by telling the time of day and judging the position of the sun with their eyes. 5. (eventual) they reach the ideal destination — California or Mexico.
However, scientists have found that they are in serious trouble. Their population 6. (go) down by as much as ninety per cent in the past few years. Human activities do the most damage 7. the natural environment such as cutting down trees, using 8. (chemical) to kill plants that monarch caterpillars eat and so on. As 9. result, they are endangered. Therefore, 10. (have) a better understanding of the monarch butterfly’s behaviour can contribute to a greater awareness and appreciation of the creature. People have been working together to increase the number of monarch butterflies and hope that the monarch butterfly can keep its place in the natural world for a long time to come.
Each year, people buy millions of aquarium (水族箱) fish. But somehow most of the fish died within weeks or even within hours after you had bought them. For sure, fish are weak creatures compared to us. It does not mean they died for no reason at all.
Since fish have no body heat, they are sensitive to sudden changes of water temperature. Water PH and water hardness can also affect them if there is a sudden change. Most of the quick deaths of fish are due to shock.
Tap water is not a perfect choice for aquarium fish because of the chlorine (氯) in the tap water, which can kill the fish. So the best way is to just put the tap water in the sun for a few days.
Fish need oxygen in the water. They will die if the oxygen in the aquarium runs out. Several things can cause it to happen. The aquarium is too small, that is, less water means less oxygen. The aquarium is too crowded, for the more fish you have, the more oxygen they need. The temperature is too high, because the higher the water temperature, the less dissolved oxygen.
Overfeeding the fish can cause a digestive (消化的) problem and kill the fish directly. More food than it is needed can also cause water pollution and create more harmful waste which will kill the fish too. Feed the fish only once a day, with no more food than they can eat in less than a minute. In this case, less is better.
1．What’s the function of paragraph one?
A．Raising a question.
B．Putting forward an argument.
C．Posing a problem.
D．Listing the causes of the problem.
2．Why are fish sensitive to sudden changes of water temperature?
A．They are warm-blooded.
B．They have no body heat.
C．They live in the water.
D．They are very weak.
3．What’s the purpose of putting tap water in the sun?
A．To let out the chlorine.
B．To warm the water.
C．To kill the viruses.
D．To make the water clear.
4．How is the passage mainly developed?
You can find house sparrows (麻雀) in most places where there are houses (or other buildings), and in few places where there aren’t. They have a short history in North America. Here are some facts about house sparrows.
The house sparrow was introduced into Brooklyn, New York, in 1851. By 1900 it had spread to the Rocky Mountains. Two more introductions in the early 1870s, in San Francisco and Salt Lake City, aided the bird’s spread throughout the West. House sparrows are now common across all of North America except Alaska and far northern Canada.
The house sparrow takes frequent dust baths. It throws soil and dust over its body feathers, just as if it were bathing with water. In doing so, a sparrow may make a small depression (凹陷) in the ground, and sometimes defends this spot against other sparrows.
The house sparrow prefers to nest in manmade structures such as lower edges of their roofs or walls of buildings, street lights, and nest boxes instead of in natural nest sites such as holes in trees.
House sparrows are social birds and they have a pecking (啄食) order much the way chickens in a farmyard do. You can find out the standings by paying attention to the black throats of the males. Males with larger patches of black tend to be older and dominant over males with less black. By wearing this information on their feathers, sparrows can avoid some fights and thereby save energy.
5．What can we know about house sparrows?
A．They are native to New York.
B．They are a new species of birds.
C．They are foreign to North America.
D．They are seen in all parts of the world.
6．In which place are you least likely to see house sparrows?
A．New York. B．Alaska.
C．San Francisco. D．Canada.
7．Which can replace the underlined words “dominant over” ?
A．surprised at B．curious about
C．popular with D．superior to
Lots of people dream of a beach vacation, but hesitate to take one because they don't want to leave a pet behind. 8 You can enjoy some fun in the sun on a beach vacation with your pet. It is easier than ever to find a beach that welcome your pets, and a little extra planning and preparation is all that is required to have a wonderful time on vacation with your pet.
9 Use the Internet to determine whether a beach is pet friendly. You can look at a beach's website, lists of pet-friendly beaches where you will be traveling. They will tell you about any rules on pets at the local beaches.
Find a hotel that is pet-friendly. Most hotels that accept pets will advertise themselves as pet-friendly on their websites. 10 It's better to know if your pet will be welcome before you make an order.
Clean up after your pet. When vacationing with your pet it doesn't mean that all responsibility is gone. Picking up after it, whether that is when it goes to the bathroom or it makes a mess with its food, is still your responsibility. 11
Be considerate of others. 12 Some people are scared of animals, especially children, so just be aware of other animals and people on the beach and keep your pet away from them if necessary.
A．Protect your pet from the sun.
B．Make sure you choose a beach that allows pets.
C．However, there is no need to settle for a pet sitter.
D．You never know how an animal will react in public.
E．You could also try to stay with a friend who loves your pet.
F．If you are unsure whether a hotel accepts pets, call it and ask.
G．This is especially important at the beach where many people move around.
My interest in wildlife and rainforests began at an early age, when my parents introduced me to nature books and magazines. I was 1 by the pictures of strange animals living in distant lands. As I got older, my mother and father 2 my learning by taking me on trips to other countries. Therefore, I could see wildlife firsthand. I grew to 3 appreciate places of natural beauty and 4 the environment around me.
Over the years I have seen many beautiful 5 and met many wonderful people. I have swum with sea lions in the Galapagos Islands, 6 lemurs (狐猴) sing and dance in Madagascar, and had many other amazing 7 . I have also become increasingly aware of the changes 8 by human activities. Some of the special places I so 9 are no longer around today. My inspiration to protect rainforests comes from a particular 10 in the rainforest of Borneo when an area of 11 was destroyed by loggers (伐木工).
Today I 12 a great deal of time reading, writing, traveling to rainforests, and talking with scientists doing research on them. My 13 is to raise awareness, interest, and appreciation of wild-lands like rainforests. It is not too 14 to save these special places and I hope that my work will someday inspire people to make a 15 in the world around them.
1．A．frightened B．comforted C．fascinated D．disturbed
2．A．chose B．encouraged C．decided D．explored
3．A．possibly B．only C．mostly D．greatly
4．A．respect B．destroy C．balance D．govern
5．A．figures B．gifts C．places D．tools
6．A．made B．watched C．heard D．helped
7．A．adventures B．dreams C．experiments D．questions
8．A．prevented B．needed C．shown D．caused
9．A．disliked B．forgot C．enjoyed D．climbed
10．A．experience B．solution C．challenge D．field
11．A．mountain B．rainforest C．desert D．plain
12．A．waste B．spend C．avoid D．miss
13．A．method B．major C．strength D．goal
14．A．fresh B．old C．late D．serious
15．A．promise B．decision C．plan D．difference
Norway is to introduce new ways to protect wild salmon (三文鱼) after experts warned they could become endangered as a result of their contact 1 those raised in ocean farms.
The government has issued a report that shows that fish farms 2 (locate) along the Norwegian shore, with 3 population of more than 6 million farmed salmon, make up a significant risk to the wild salmon population due to crossbreeding and an increase in parasites.
The global number of Atlantic salmon 4 (fall) seriously at present, with its major reasons 5 (range) from overfishing, the spread of salmon lice, to habitat destruction.
6 is reported, only about 3 million wild salmon remain in the Atlantic, down from more than 8 million in the 1980s. Vedeler Nilsen, an adviser in Norway’s environment ministry, said, “Farmed salmon have developed with characteristics that are 7 (benefit) to aquaculture (渔业) such as faster growth and shorter time to become mature. 8 , they lose other characteristics in the process. When an escaped salmon breeds with wild populations, the offspring (后代) might have a lower chance of 9 (survive).”
While the Norwegian project focuses on the immediate need to separate salmon species, other long-term plans, such as recovering the habitats, also make a big difference to salmon’s environment that 10 (destroy) years ago due to a huge blank for fishery management.