A 1. v.防守→ n.防卫→ adj.防御的
2. adj.有天资的;有才能的→ n.天资,天赋;人才
3. n.动力→ v.激励
4. v.任命,委派;约定→ n.任命;约定
5. v.(尤指通过提供更多证据)证实,进一步确定→ n.证实
6. adj.体谅的,考虑周到的→ adj.相当的→ n.考虑→ prep.鉴于
7. n.挫折,失望,失意→ v.使沮丧;阻止→ adj.令人沮丧的→ adj.感到沮丧的
When I received the phone call from Susan, I 1．_____ (instant) realized that I had forgotten all about our 2._____ (appoint)．I hurried out of my house as I made an 3._____ (apologise) to her.Susan said she didn't mind waiting, adding that there was no need to hurry.What a 4.____ (consider) friend she was! When we met, she suggested we visit our former teacher Mr.Brown.According to 5.____ (rely) information, something was wrong with his immune system, which is the main 6．____ (defend) against disease.Of course I agreed and we soon reached the hospital where Mr.Brown received medical treatment.
1.Mammals (哺乳动物) weighing sixty kilograms have an average brain size of 200 cm3.Modern man has a brain (average) 1 200-1 400 cm3.
2. For many,finding an (attend) wallet filled with ￡400 in cash would be a source(来源) of temptation(诱惑).
3.One was that I was amazed at the fact a sick person could feel much better after seeing a doctor.
4.Lola is always the first to come to school,so she deserves -- (praise) for her diligence.
5.Physical activity was popular among both girls and boys, (average) between three to six hours a week.
三．单句改错 1.Very to our joy, great success has been made in Tim’s new business 2.It is no doubt that every student will receive a gift on Christmas day.
3.I hope to stay for another two days in this city, if is possible.
4.Tony has now been used to write with his left hand.
5.The whole farm was in possession of Tom after his father retired.
6.In a sense, life is like swimming. If you keep held on to the sides of the pool, you will learn nothing. So, take an immediately action to enjoy your life and rely yourself to grow up. Put his frustration aside before you obtain that you want.（共五处错误）
四．阅读训练 A Remember Vitaminwater’s “free of rolling screen for a year” challenge that dared people to be free from smart phones for a whole year will win $100,000?Well,Elana Mugdan,a New York woman,has been into it for eight months, and just four months away from claiming grand prize.
Vitaminwater made news headlines last December when it announced its unique challenge.Thousands of people applied to be chosen as the perfect candidate to spend a year without touching their smart phones,but in the end,the only person who got to try and survive for an entire year without a handheld smart phone was Elana Mugdan,a 29-year-old fiction writer from Queens,New York.Eight months into the challenge,she claims it has been a free and eye-opening experience that shows her just how dependent she becomes on her smart phone.Even though there are times when she misses her handheld smart phone,she plans to go on living without it even after the challenge ends,because she really doesn’t want to go back to days when she abused it,wasted time,stayed up all hours of the night on it,and was obsessed with social media.
But not having access to her smart phone really made certain situations a lot harder than she could have imagined them before.“Many people did me a favor.However,once,I almost got stranded(滞留) in the SeaTac airport because the phone number I’d written down was wrong,and I had no way of referring to the right one,no way of calling a cab,and no one in the state who could help me,” the young writer said.
Another time,her car’s “check engine” light turned on while she was driving in an unfamiliar area at night.She couldn’t use her phone’s GPS location feature,or even check what the light meant on Google or find a nearby car repair shop.Still,she learned to overcome these situations.And now she claims the last eight months of phone-free life have been one of the best adventures of her life and that she’ll keep it for another four months.
1.What’s the challenge “free of rolling screen for a year”?
A.People free from smart phones can live a richer life.
B.People living a telephone-free life can be awarded every year.
C.People living without computers for a year will win grand prize.
D.People spending a year free from smart phones will get a reward.
2.Which phrase can replace the underlined part “obsessed with” in Paragraph 2?
A.Satisfied with. B.Accustomed to. C.Addicted to. D.Popular with.
3.What does Elana Mugdan mainly want to express in Paragraph 3?
A.It’s fantastic to have someone to help her all the way.
B.It’s unimaginable to lose her phone number on the way.
C.It’s unnecessary to refer to information with a smart phone.
D.It’s difficult to get out of the trouble without a smart phone.
4.What can we learn about Elana Mugdan?
A.She couldn’t live without a smart phone. B.She finds no one can help her in the adventure.
C.She has not won the $100,000 prize yet. D.She used to use her smart phone to write fiction.
When going through major life changes, like changing careers, I would change the people with whom I spent the most time. We’ve all gone through periods when the people in our lives have changed—graduation, moving to a new city, getting a new job, joining a new club,etc.I don’t think I need to convince you just how much influence other people can have over your identity.If you’ve ever experienced a major switch in your people environment,then you know that you change as well.
Most people don’t make these choices consciously(有意识地) though. You might consciously decide to spend more time with a certain friend, or you may ask someone out on a date to begin a new relationship. But few people choose their existing friendships deliberately.
There’s no“getting rid of people”. People are always dropping into and out of each other’s lives. Associations grow into friendships, and friendships fade into associations. You don’t get rid of anyone. The truth is that in order to make room for new people and new experiences, you may need to loosen up some of your existing connections.
What about loyalty(忠诚)?Shouldn’t you always be loyal to your friends?Once you have a close friend, even if his influence on you is slightly harmful,shouldn’t you stick by him?
Loyalty to a friend sometimes means having to let go.It means being loyal to his highest and best self as well. If someone is destroying his health by smoking, for example, you aren’t showing loyalty by smoking right along with him. True loyalty sometimes requires that you break damaging connections, get yourself back on solid ground, and then decide what you can really do to help your friend.
It can take a lot of courage to tell someone, “I’m sorry, but I can’t have you in my life anymore.”But even though this might seem like a selfish act at times, it’s often the best thing for the other person too. If a relationship is holding you back in some way, understand that it’s also hurting the other person. For example, if you work for a violent boss,your acceptance of that situation is considered to be silent approval, encouraging your boss to continue to behave violently.
1.When experiencing major life changes, people may .
A.join a new social community B.influence their friends around
C.choose their friendships purposely D.have their people environment changed
2.What does the underlined sentence in paragraph 3 mean?
A.Everyone has at least one friend. B.It is unnecessary to make new friends.
C.Friendship still exists though there are fewer connections.
D.You ought to treat your old and new friends equally.
3.What is the author’s opinion on the loyalty to friends?
A.Never betray your close friends whatever happens.
B.Correct their mistakes while you guard their goodness.
C.Stick by your friends even though they do harm to you.
D.Break up with your friends immediately if they smoke.
4.How should we behave when employed by a violent boss?
A.We should accept what we are told to do. B.We should stay silent and be in favour of him.
C.We should bravely disobey him if he is wrong. D.We should give our boss courage to continue.
3.motivation;motivate 4.appoint;appointment 5.confirm;confirmation 6.considerate;considerable;consideration;considering 7.frustration;frustrate;frustrating;frustrated
B 1．instantly 2.appointment 3.apology 4.considerate 5.reliable 6．defence
二．1.averaging 2.unattended 3.that 4.praising/to be praised 5.averaging
三．A1.very-much 2.It→There 3.去掉is或is前加it 4.write→writing 5.possession前加the
B．In a sense, life is like swimming.If you keep holding on to the sides of the pool, you will learn nothing.So, take an immediate action to enjoy your life and rely on yourself to grow up.Put your frustration aside before you obtain what you want.
四1.D 细节理解题。根据第一段第一句“Remember Vitaminwater’s ‘free of rolling screen for a year’ challenge that dared people to be free from smart phones for a whole year will win $100,000?”可知,这个挑战是指人们如果在一年之内不用智能手机就可以获得10万美元的大奖。
2.C 词义猜测题。根据上文提到的“she really doesn’t want to go back to days when she abused it,wasted time,stayed up all hours of the night on it”可知,Mugdan在参加挑战之前常常滥用手机,浪费时间,整夜不睡,故推知 Mugdan曾对社交媒体沉迷,故选C项。
3.D 推理判断题。根据本段的主题句“But not having access to her smart phone really made certain situations a lot harder than she could have imagined them before.”以及她说的话可知,本段想表达没有智能手机让她很难摆脱某些困境。
4.C 推理判断题。根据最后一段可知,Elana Mugdan已经坚持了八个月不用智能手机了,再有四个月就可以获得大奖,所以她还没得到这个大奖。
1.D 根据文章第一段中的“When going through major life changes...I would change the people with whom I spent the most time...you’ve ever experienced a major switch in your people environment...”可知,当经历人生重大改变时,人们也会经历人际环境的改变。即D项正确。
2.C 根据画线句后的“People are always dropping into and out of each other’s lives.Associations grow into friendships,and friendships fade into associations.You don’t get rid of anyone...you may need to loosen up some of your existing connections.”可知,尽管人们之间的联系少了,但友谊依然存在。故选C项。
4.C 根据最后一段中的“...your acceptance of that situation is considered to be silent approval,encouraging your boss to continue to behave violently.”可知,如果老板错了,员工就要勇敢地不去服从,即C项正确